Habitat: Secondary and disturbed habitats where it seems to have adapted to quite well. Seems to be less abundant in primary forests as well!
Natural Diet: Rats, mice and some amphibians especially the Asian Toad (probably why it is also found near residential areas)
Territoriality: Not territorial, generally harmless if left alone
Activity Pattern: Supposedly nocturnal but apparently exclusively diurnal in Singapore
Where can you find it in Singapore: Found throughout the island, from secondary forests to people’s houses. I saw one at the Rail Corridor (Northern stretch) while jogging!
Interesting facts: This cobra (like many others) is a highly venomous. If threatened, they will stand erect and expand their hoods, hiss and even spray venom into your eyes! If this venom is not washed away immediately, damage to the tissues surrounding the eye can occur. The snake may even bite you, which can result in death!
Recap on Venomous vs. Poisonous:
Venomous species refer to species who inject their toxins through bite, sting or skin contact. These include most snakes, spiders, cnidarians (jellyfish, sea anemones and friends), poison dart frogs, and the platypus!
Poisonous species refer to those who eject toxins after being eaten, including most amphibians.
One thought on “Equatorial Spitting Cobra!”
Nice summary of the characteristics of this species. Good that you highlighted the difference between venomous and poisonous too!
Yes, the Equatorial Spitting Cobra has been known to end up in urban areas, and sometimes even in people’s homes. Do you know what people should do if they encounter a snake in their homes?: https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/environment/dont-hurt-or-kill-that-snake-call-acres
Also, do remember to give credit for photos in future 🙂